6 Tips on How to Prevent a Stroke

You risk of having a stroke is influenced by a number of factors. Some you can control and others you can't. Find out what they are here and 6 steps you can take to help prevent having a stroke . 

Your risk of having a stroke is influenced by a number of factors.

The more risk factors you have the higher your chance of having a stroke.

Risk factors you can't control

There are some risk factors you cannot do anything about.

These include:
  • Age, as the older you get the greater your risk of stroke.
  • Gender, as stroke is more common in men.
  • A family history of stroke.
  • Previous stroke or transient ischaemic attack (TIA).

Modifiable Risk factors

However, there are a number of other risk factors for stroke or further stroke that you can do something about.

These modifiable risk factors can include:
  • High blood pressure.
  • Irregular pulse (atrial fibrillation or AF).
  • High cholesterol. 
  • Diabetes.
  • Smoking.  
  • Poor diet and lack of exercise.
  • Being overweight.
  • Excessive alcohol intake.

6 steps you can take to help reduce your risk of having a stroke

There are six steps you can take to help reduce your risk and the danger of having a stroke:

  1. Make sure your blood pressure, blood cholesterol or diabetes is well managed.
  2. Be physically active and exercise regularly.
  3. Avoid being overweight by keeping to a healthy diet.
  4. Limit alcohol consumption.
  5. Avoid cigarette smoke. If you smoke, seek help to stop now.
  6. Learn to recognise the warning signs of a stroke and act F.A.S.T.

How do you know if someone is having a stroke? Think… F.A.S.T. 

The F.A.S.T. test is an easy way to remember and recognise the signs of stroke.
FAST test
Using the F.A.S.T. test involves asking these simple questions:
  1. Face. Check their face. Has their mouth drooped? 
  2. Arms. Can they lift both arms? 
  3. Speech. Is their speech slurred? Do they understand you? 
  4. Time. Is critical. If you see any of these signs call 000 straight away. 

Stroke is always a medical emergency

Call 000 immediately, even if the symptoms don’t cause pain or go away quickly.

The longer a stroke remains untreated, the greater the chance of stroke related brain damage. Emergency medical treatment soon after stroke symptoms begin improves the chances of survival and successful rehabilitation.


Enableme is an online platform where you can talk to, and seek support from other people who have had a stroke. It is a place to ask questions, to find the answers that you need and to set recovery goals. It is a place where you can offer support, encourage others, and share your experiences.

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