We explore some of the common signs of dementia.
Common dementia symptoms
- Memory loss, especially for more recent events (short term memory). In the early stages of dementia, your loved one may misplace objects such as their car keys, forget what they were planning to do, or not remember a recent family event. However, they will often be able to recall detailed information about their life as a child (long term memory). As their dementia progresses, their long term memory may also fade.
- Difficulty finding their way around, especially in new or unfamiliar surroundings.
- Problems finding the correct words or understanding what others are saying to them.
- Poor concentration.
- Problems learning new ideas or skills.
- Difficulties with thinking, such as using logic during a discussion.
- Problems in perception and judging distance, such as missing the edge of a chair when attempting to sit down.
- Changes to physical abilities, such as difficulty coordinating their movement during chores.
- Psychological changes, such as becoming irritable, saying or doing inappropriate things, or becoming suspicious or aggressive.
Later-stage dementia symptoms
- Cognitive problems, including failure to recognise close family members.
- Psychological problems, including confusion, agitation, delusions, hallucinations.
- Communication problems, including difficulties understanding what is being said to them.
- Physical problems, including loss of speech, immobility, incontinence and frailty.